Human Rights Law
What is Human Rights Law ?
The denial of human rights and fundamental freedoms invariably create conditions of social and political unrest, sowing seeds of violence and conflict within and between societies and nations. Today there are several extra-judicial killings, fake encounters, deaths of suspects in police custody and excessive use of force by security forces combating active insurgencies. Cases of extensive societal violence and discrimination against women, child prostitution and female infanticide, widespread exploitation of bonded, and child labor; and trafficking in women and children are common. There is discrimination against persons with disabilities; serious discrimination and violence against indigenous peoples and scheduled castes and tribes; widespread inter-caste and communal violence. All such cases require redress — cases to be handled by lawyers specialising in human rights.
Human rights law is a system of laws, both domestic and international which is intended to promote human rights. It includes a number of treaties which are intended to punish some violations of human rights such as war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. There are also a number of international courts which have been...
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What is Human Rights ?
“Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, … and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people…
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law…”
These are the second and third paragraphs of the preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948 without a dissenting vote. It is the first multinational declaration mentioning human rights by name, and the human rights movement has largely adopted it as a charter.
The vision is of a world in which human rights of all are fully respected and enjoyed in conditions of global peace. It is the role of human rights activists to alert Governments and the world community to the daily reality that these standards are...