Human Rights Law

What is Human Rights Law ?

The denial of human rights and fundamental freedoms invariably create conditions of social and political unrest, sowing seeds of violence and conflict within and between societies and nations. Today there are several extra-judicial killings, fake encounters, deaths of suspects in police custody and excessive use of force by security forces combating active insurgencies. Cases of extensive societal violence and discrimination against women, child prostitution and female infanticide, widespread exploitation of bonded, and child labor; and trafficking in women and children are common. There is discrimination against persons with disabilities; serious discrimination and violence against indigenous peoples and scheduled castes and tribes; widespread inter-caste and communal violence. All such cases require redress — cases to be handled by lawyers specialising in human rights.

Human rights law is a system of laws, both domestic and international which is intended to promote human rights. It includes a number of treaties which are intended to punish some violations of human rights such as war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. There are also a number of international courts which have been...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

Corporate Law

What is Corporate Law ?

Almost every merger or takeover featured in the business pages of daily newspapers will have corporate lawyers working on it. So if you relish the opportunity of being at the heart of high profile, multi-million dollar deals, then a career in corporate law may be right up your street.

Corporate law is the field of law concerning the creation and regulation of corporations and other business organizations. In British practice, corporate law is more often called company law. Corporate law also includes the law governing the relationships among various constituents of a corporation such as shareholders, directors and management.

It sometimes includes securities laws, which govern the conditions under which corporations can issue shares and is aimed at preventing fraudulent offering schemes. It defines the rules of the game for business corporations. Corporate law comes into play whenever any of the parties involved cries foul, which is very often, to advise their corporate clients, to argue their cases in court, draw up business contracts for them and so on.


Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

Cyber Law

What is Cyber Law ?

A recent conviction of a call centre employee by a Delhi court is being described as one of the first convictions for cyber crime in India. A local court in Delhi convicted Asif Azim, a Noida-based call centre employee, for using an American citizen’s credit card to make online purchase from Sony. This 24-year old engineer smooth-talked a client, Barbara Campa, at his call centre, to reveal her credit card number and key details on the pretext of setting right her billing records. Using this information, the call centre executive made nearly $ 575 worth of purchases from a Sony portal for NRIs. Barbara was shocked to get the bill and predictably, refused to pay, saying she hadn’t authorised the transaction. Sony then lodged a complaint and the CBI officials traced Azim through the call centre’s IP address. After a seven-month trial, Azim confessed.

Web hacking, Email hacking, Spoofing attacks, Cyber sabotage, Online financial fraud, tracking the author of malicious code, tracking a terrorist, Online lottery fraud ……along with the explosive growth of the...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

Environmental Law

What is Environmental Law ?

Polar ice caps are melting, corals in tropical seas are dying, mountain species are being forced to retreat to higher elevations, and low-lying communities are being washed away by storms and floods. Global scientific consensus confirms that we are experiencing climate change, human actions are driving that change, and ecosystems and human society must adapt to these alterations. Although questions remain about the timing, location, and severity of the impacts, legal, institutional, and policy responses to climate change need to be crafted and implemented now. Several spectacular environmental disasters, like the 1989 grounding of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez and the resulting oil spill, nuclear reactor accidents (Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania and the Ukraine’s Chernobyl in 1986), and the Bhopal gas tragedy have generated awareness.

Environmental Law is a key instrument to a sustainable world as it refers to the body of law that addresses environmental issues. The growth of environmental law has been phenomenal as the study of this special law is highly relevant to ecological and economic interdependence. Environmental problems have progressed from being...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

Genetics Law

Genetic engineering is the largest food experiment in the history of the world. We are all the guinea pigs.

There are about 40 varieties of genetically engineered crop approved for marketing in the U.S. As a result, 60-70% of the foods on your grocery shelves contain genetically engineered (GE) components.

Genetically engineered foods contain substances that have never been a part of the human food supply. They are not subjected to rigorous pre-market safety testing. And THEY ARE NOT LABELED.

Is genetic engineering safe for you and your family? Safe for the environment? Safe for the future of mankind? No long-term studies have been done. No one can answer these questions.

Do you want out of the experiment? push food safety to the forefront of our national public awareness.

Whether and how genetic information should be used in the criminal justice system is a concern. Do we know enough yet about DNA fingerprinting, for example, to allow its use as evidence in courts of law? Beyond privacy and legal...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

Intellectual Property Law

What is Intellectual Property Law ?

Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce.” (Source: WIPO-World Intellectual Property Organisation).

“New technologies have radically increased the speed of distribution of protected materials and altered the boundaries of traditional copyright law. With the click of a mouse, a thousand-page book can be transmitted around the world within seconds, and a copyrighted work can be posted on a website for millions to see, copy, and download to their very own PC. Not only has the media changed but works needing protection have changed just as dramatically. Now databases, computer programmes, and even the designs of semiconductor chips require special IP protection”, states a leading IP law firm.

Intellectual property or IP is divided into two categories: Industrial property, which includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source; and Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.


Judge to a Junior Lawyer: What do you love about the law, Andrew?

Lawyer: I…. many things…..uh…..uh…what I love most about the law?

Judge: Yeah!

Lawyer: Its that every now and again, you get to be a part of justice being done. Well, that is quite a thrill when it happens.

(Dialogue from the Court Scene in the motion picture Philadelphia)


Do you want to be a part of justice being done?

If your answer is ‘Yes’, welcome to the world of legal education. Any legal system needs trained people who can understand and interpret it and give advice to clients and you can be one of them, or you can administer justice to people in distress or whose rights have been abrogated.


What is LLB?

Bachelor of Law or legum baccalaureus (LLB) is a course leading to a law degree. For a five year integrated BA LLB programme, you need to pass the plus two examination in any subject stream, after which you appear for the entrance examination to a law college. Alternatively, you can also take up a...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

Legal Process Outsourcing

What is Legal Process Outsourcing ?

“Outsourcing is becoming the new gold rush,” said Abhay Dhir, president of Atlas Legal Research, a legal process outsourcing firm with offices in Dallasand Bangalore.” 

Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) is the industry in which in-house legal departments or organisations outsource legal work from areas where it is costly to perform, such as the United States or Europe to areas where it can be performed at a significantly decreased cost, primarily India.India’s legal services are affordable, efficient, and above all, skilled. Outsourcing legal work toIndia costs upto 80% less than the cost of using the services of American law firms. Because it is far less expensive to hire talent in countries such asIndia, an outsourcing company is in the enviable position of being able to commit larger teams of talented workers to more specific areas of concentration.

As a spin-off from the spectacular success of the Indian BPO industry, the Legal Process Outsourcing industry has emerged on the outsourcing scenario. Though it is a sunshine industry as of now, LPO is...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

Marine/ Maritime Law

What is Marine Law ?

In early September 2008, a foreign oil tanker MT Stolt Valor was hijacked by pirates with 18 Indians aboard from the Gulf of Aden. The Indian Navy in return asked the defence ministry for authorisation to take necessary steps which could include the use of force against pirates to protect ships in international waters beyond our territory. In such a situation, Maritime law would have to be involved.


Shipping is perhaps the most international of all the world’s greatest industries and one of the most challenging. Maritime law or Admiralty Law is the branch of international law that deals with territorial and international waters, with shipping or with ocean fishery etc. This branch of law also relates to the affairs of the sea, such as seamen, ships, shipping, navigation etc.

What do I have to do ?

As a Maritime lawyer, you  specialize in maritime law, the law that applies to boats, ships, seamen, longshoremen, yacht brokers, marine...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

Medical Law And Ethics

What is Medical Law and Ethics ?

You trusted your medical provider to give proper care for an illness or condition, but sadly, that wasn’t the case. So what do you do when you’ve been injured or you’ve lost a loved one due to the medical negligence or malpractice of a physician, hospital, or other healthcare professional? Turn to the legal counsel of a medical lawyer. When you become seriously injured by another person’s negligent actions, you may want someone on your side—someone who knows the laws, understands your rights, and can help you through the legal process.

In a medical malpractice lawsuit, you can pursue compensation for medical expenses, lost income, diminished earning capacity, loss of companionship, funeral and burial costs, pain and suffering, disfigurement, disability, and in cases in which the medical professional’s actions were intentional, punitive damages. Some issues involved in medical ethics include assisted suicide, cloning, human genetic engineering, stem cell research, contraception and more.

The interface between law, medicine and ethics is a subject of great contemporary...

Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.