Literature and Languages

Comparative Literature

What is Comparative Literature ?

Comparative Literature is an exciting interdisciplinary course that allows you to study literature as it shapes and is shaped by the world of science, economics, politics, and other cultural and historical forces. It is a discipline that should be attractive to students with a wide ranging interest in literature, theory, and cultural studies, and who also wish to read literature in the original language as well as in translation. You will study literature and other cultural forms across linguistic and cultural boundaries. Studying literary works along cross-cultural and international lines is enriching as one may also study other arts across frontiers. Forms of expression vary from culture to culture and from artist to artist, yet the medium of an art–for literature, that is speech and writing–remains a special resource shared by many. Every nation has its poets and songs, every continent has its novelists, bards and chroniclers. As comparatists, you seek to bridge the distances between languages, and analyze how cultures are different from one another. In order to see beyond our own social and linguistic horizons, you will study...

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What is German ?

Guten Tag !  Danke … Auf Weidershein. These are some of the well known words of German. The language as it is today developed historically from West Germanic area and is spoken in modern Germany, Austria, part of Switzerland, etc. Have you heard  “Germanic peoples”; “his Germanic nature”; “formidable”  “Teutonic in their thoroughness” ? Well, these are some of the phrases to describe the German race.

German is the language of one of the most important countries within the European Union, an area of major economic as well as cultural significance. The German language is one of the top ten internationally important languages, spoken by approximately 98 million as a mother tongue and by approximately a further 40 million as a foreign or second language. German is also the major second language in many Eastern European countries, a market which has become increasingly important since the fall of communism. In a global perspective, important and internationally renowned literature, science, technology, commerce and philosophy always have, and still do, originate in German-speaking countries and the German language.


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What do you come out with?

You come out with a degree, diploma, certificate in Italian.


Why do it?

Learning a foreign language is one of the most enriching experiences in anybody’s education. Studying a foreign language entails exploring a way of life, a different culture and the traditions of another country. Italian is one of the major languages of the world.
Italy draws thirty million tourists per year. This is fifteen to twenty million more tourists than are drawn by any other country. This enormous influx of visitors is due to the large number of culture centers in the country; centers such as Florence, Venice, Rome, Milan, Padua, Pisa, Bologna, Turin, etc.

The Italian language is, of course, important for the immediate requirements of the tourist in Italy – but it is much more important as a language of culture and civilization.

Most interesting of all, however, is the fact that relatively few people seem to know, or...

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What do you come out with?

You come out with a certificate/ diploma/ degree in Japanese.

Why do it?

If you have a flair for new languages, you want to work as translator/ interpreter or as a teacher of foreign languages you can do a course in Japanese language, which is spoken by approximately 120 million persons.

Learning Japanese can open up opportunities for well paid assignments in diverse fields where language skills are considered as an asset, e.g. travel and tourism, airlines, hotels, diplomatic services, export, personnel management in multinational companies, journalism, mass communication, publishing etc.

What is it about?

Three categories of words exist in Japanese. The native Japanese words constitute the largest category, followed by words originally borrowed from China and a rapidly growing category of words borrowed in modern times from Western languages like English. Japanese has an open syllable sound pattern, so that most syllables end in a vowel – the syllable may be composed solely of the vowel. Every language has a basic word order for the words in a sentence. In the Japanese sentence, the subject comes first...

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Mandarin Chinese

What is Mandarin Chinese ?

nĭ hăo,  táo huā yùn,  gōng hè xīn x, …does this sound familiar ? if you know Mandarin, it means hello, how are you, good luck, happy new year.


In everyday use, Mandarin refers to Standard Chinese or Standard Mandarin (Putonghua / Guoyu / Huayu), which is based on the particular Mandarin dialect spoken in Beijing. Standard Mandarin functions as the official spoken language of the People’s Republic of China, the official language of the Republic of China (Taiwan), and one of the four official languages of Singapore. ‘Chinese’ — in practice Standard Mandarin — is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. China has over 5000 years of history, and a uniquely rich and colourful culture. Learning the language is an essential step towards understanding the culture.

Today Mandarin is the main language of the government, the media and education in China and Taiwan. There are...

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