Environment & Ecology

What is Environmental Science ?

Environmental Science is the study of the inter-relationships between human activities and the environment. It examines the effects of human actions on the environment, and the means by which policies, regulations, and decisions influence human actions. Environmental scientists also examine cultural and sociological interactions that affect the environment. It includes fields such as air and water quality, conservation biology, agro-ecology, public health, environmental engineering, forestry, and fisheries.

Resource management and resource technology are significant features of environmental science.

Environmental science can be applied in the following fields:
• Industry
• Research and Development
• Social Development
• Environmental Journalism
• Environmental Modeling

An environmental scientist’s job is to utilize the knowledge of various principles and concepts of science and engineering disciplines, in order to protect and preserve the environment. Environmental scientists also conduct research studies to develop theories or methods of abating and controlling the sources of environmental pollution. The major tasks performed by environmental scientists consist mainly of proactive and research-oriented work.

For a B.Sc in Environmental Science, you should have passed your Plus Two with Science subjects. For the M.Sc. programme, you should have a bachelor&rsquo...

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What is Ecology ?

According to Mr. Ravi Bhargava, Director of a leading Environment laboratory, “The new millennium will witness a greater emphasis on quality of life of which health is a vital component. Therefore, environmental and ecology professionals will be required to deal with a wide spectrum of related issues.”  Ecology (“oikos” which means a “house”) links appropriately with “habitat”, the natural home or environment of an animal or plant. It is the study of relationships among organisms and the environment they live including all living and non living components. The term was coined by biologist Ernst Haeckel in 1896.It addresses issues such as the distribution and abundance of organisms, how living things interact with each other and their environment, the fluxes of matter and energy through the living world. Some ideas associated with an ecosystem are energy flow, and the cycling of nutrients and wastes among the various biotic and abiotic (non-living) components.

If you like being outdoors investigating the world around you, are curious about how the environment works, interested in environmental and social...

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Environment Management

What is Environment Management ?

Xerox Corporation posed a problem with the huge amount of waste they generated from plastic and paper. With the help of environment management consultancy, Xerox implemented a plastic recycling program. High grade plastic panels from returned Xerox products are collected, sorted, disassembled and ground for reprocessing. The plastic is then used to manufacture Xerox products or is sold on the open market. The programme has already diverted 250 tons of plastic from a landfill and 500 tons diverted with $100,000 in savings to Xerox. Site recycling programmes, including the conversion of solid waste to useable energy through incineration, saved Xerox over $12 million in 1995.


The environment is no longer just the air we breath, or the world we live in, it has become a requirement for businesses to address the environment in order to maintain customers, and exist in an ever more critical global economy.

Environmental management systems can assist an organisation to meet its increasingly heavy burden of responsibility for the future condition of our world environment...

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Environmental Biotechnology

What is Environmental Biotechnology ?

The 21st Century is the century of Bio Sciences. Environmental biotechnology has become an area of extensive work due to the dangers brought about by increasing levels of environmental pollution. Already Environmental Biotechnology has made a significant impact in many areas from protection and remediation of the environment, detection and monitoring of pollutants to process innovation and new biomaterial development such as biodegradable plastics. Thus it is not only helping to clear up the mess we make but also prevent them!

As the work is largely related to scientific research, it is important to have a good academic background in science. A high level of intelligence with a scientific bent of mind, determination, perseverance, imagination, innovative approach, ability to work for long hours, originality, team spirit are some  essential attributes for becoming a successful biotechnologist.

This fundamental new research revolutionizes the ability to dissect, monitor and control processes at the molecular level to achieve real-time information and computational analysis in complex bio-environmental systems.



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Environmental Economics

What is Environmental Economics ?

“Our nation is confronted by two major energy challenges –our dependence on foreign oil and global climate change – both of which stem from our current dependence on fossil fuels for energy”. Barack Obama and Joe Biden believe they have a moral, environmental, economic, and security imperative to address dependence on foreign oil and tackle climate change in a serious, sustainable manner. Their environment policies include Investing in a clean energy economy, converting manufacturing centers into clean technology leaders, increasing fuel economy standards and a commitment to efficiency to reduce energy use and lower costs.

Environmental Economics is a relatively new field of Economics that looks at environmental issues in relation to economic development and sustainability. Environmental Economics looks a lot at environmental policies in countries, and how they impact the local and global economies, either positively or negatively. It is generally viewed as a form of progressive Economics, trying to account for various forms of market failures to better model markets in the future and lead to more widespread gains among people.

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Environmental Law

What is Environmental Law ?

Polar ice caps are melting, corals in tropical seas are dying, mountain species are being forced to retreat to higher elevations, and low-lying communities are being washed away by storms and floods. Global scientific consensus confirms that we are experiencing climate change, human actions are driving that change, and ecosystems and human society must adapt to these alterations. Although questions remain about the timing, location, and severity of the impacts, legal, institutional, and policy responses to climate change need to be crafted and implemented now. Several spectacular environmental disasters, like the 1989 grounding of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez and the resulting oil spill, nuclear reactor accidents (Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania and the Ukraine’s Chernobyl in 1986), and the Bhopal gas tragedy have generated awareness.

Environmental Law is a key instrument to a sustainable world as it refers to the body of law that addresses environmental issues. The growth of environmental law has been phenomenal as the study of this special law is highly relevant to ecological and economic interdependence. Environmental problems have progressed from being...

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