What is Agriculture ?
Agriculture is a word many people use, but do they really know what agriculture means? Do they know what agriculture involves? Do they know how important it is to our country and how it impacts each of our lives?
Agriculture is the science of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock. The goods produced and the means by which they are created vary greatly. Agriculture has been an essential part of our country. India ranks second worldwide in farm outputs. As per 2018, Agriculture employed more than 50% of the Indian work force and contributed 17-18% to the country’s GDP.
Many aspects of human life depend on the numerous types of agriculture. The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibres, fuels and raw materials (such as rubber).Food classes include cereals(grains), vegetables,fruits,oils,meat,milk,eggs. Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological developments have sharply increased yields, while causing widespread ecological and environmental damage. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and environmental damage. This has resulted in organic, regenerative and sustainable agriculture movements. One of the major forces behind this movement has been the European Union, which first certified organic food in 1991 and began reform of its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2005 to phase out commodity-linked farm subsidies, also known as decoupling. The growth of organic farming has renewed research in alternative technologies such as integrated pest management, selective breeding, and controlled-environment agriculture.
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