What is Sericulture ?
The word ‘Sericulture’ is derived from the Greek word ‘Sericos’, meaning ‘Silk’ and the English work ‘Culture’ meaning ‘Rearing’. Sericulture refers to the mass-scale rearing of silk producing organisms to obtain silk.
Sericulture is an agro-based industry. It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. The major activities of sericulture comprises food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament for value added benefits such as processing and weaving.
Sericulture has become one of the most important cottage industries in a number of countries like China, Republic of Korea, Japan, India, Brazil, Russia, Italy and France. Today, China and Japan are the two main producers, together manufacturing more than 50% of the world production each year. India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five varieties of silk- Mulberry, Eri, Muga, Tropical...